Kaplan, Viktor

Kaplan, Viktor
b. 27 November 1876 Mutz, Austria
d. 23 August 1834 Unterach, Austria
Austrian engineer, inventor of the Kaplan turbine.
Kaplan was educated at the Realschule in Vienna and went on to the Technische Hochschule to study machine construction, gaining his engineer's diploma in 1900. He spent a year in voluntary service in the Navy before entering Ganz \& Co. at Lebersdorf, where he was engaged in the manufacture of diesel engines. In 1903 he turned to an academic career, first with a professorship in kinematics, theoretical machine studies and machine construction at the Technische Hochschule in Brunn (now Brno). In 1918 he became Professor of Water Turbine Construction, remaining as such until his early retirement for health reasons in 1931.
Kaplan's first publication on turbines, in 1908, was an extension of work carried out for his doctorate at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna and concerned the Francis-type turbine. Kaplan went on to develop and patent the form of water turbine that came to bear his name. It is a reaction turbine which uses a large flow on a low head and which is made like a ship's propeller with variable-pitch vanes running in a close-fitting casing. Its application was neglected at first, but since the 1920s it has become the basic turbine for most high-powered hydroelectric plant: the turbines have been capable of around 85 per cent efficiency and modern developments have raised this figure still further. Perhaps the most impressive application of the Kaplan turbine and its derivatives is the great tidal-power scheme in the estuary of the Rance by St-Malo in France, completed in 1966. The turbines probably have to meet a greater demand for flexibility than any others, for they must operate at constant speed with variable head, as the tide ebbs and flows.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Viktor Kaplan — (* 27. November 1876 in Mürzzuschlag, Steiermark; † 23. August 1934 in Unterach am Attersee) war ein österreichischer Ingenieur. Er ist der Erfinder der nach ihm benannten Kaplan Turbine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Viktor Kaplan — (Mürzzuschlag, 27 de noviembre de 1876 23 de agosto de 1934), fue un ingeniero austriaco reconocido por sus trabajos en las turbinas de hélices dentro de la hidráulica. Hijo de un ferroviario, fue educado en Viena y en 1895 in …   Wikipedia Español

  • Viktor Kaplan — (27 novembre 1876 – 23 août 1934) est un ingénieur autrichien qui a inventé la turbine du même nom, servant principalement à la production d électricité, tout comme la turbine Francis et la turbine Pelton …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kaplan — (Viktor) (1876 1934) inventeur autrichien de turbines hydrauliques à réaction munies d aubes à pas variable …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kaplan — Kàplan, Viktor (1876 1934) DEFINICIJA austrijski inženjer, izumio vrstu hidraulične turbine koja je nazvana prema njemu …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kaplan-Rohrturbine — Schematische Darstellung einer Kaplan Turbine Laufrad einer Kaplan Turbine im Walchenseekraftwerk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaplan — Vikar * * * Ka|plan [ka pla:n], der; s, Kapläne [ka plɛ:nə]: katholischer Geistlicher, der einem Pfarrer als Hilfe zugeteilt oder mit besonderen Aufgaben betraut ist. Syn.: geistlicher Herr (landsch.), geistlicher Würdenträger (geh.), ↑ Pfaffe… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Viktor Kaplan — (November 27 1876 – August 23 1934) was an Austrian engineer and the inventor of the Kaplan turbine. Life Kaplan was born in Mürzzuschlag, Austria into a railroad worker s family. He graduated from high school in Vienna in 1895, after which he… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaplan (Begriffsklärung) — Kaplan bezeichnet: Kaplan, ein geistliches Amt Kaplan (Louisiana), Ort in den USA Kaplan (polnisch: „Priester“; türkisch: „Tiger“) ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anatoli Lwowitsch Kaplan (1902–1980), russischer Maler, Bildhauer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaplan turbine — The Kaplan turbine is a propeller type water turbine that has adjustable blades. It was developed in 1913 by the Austrian professor Viktor Kaplan. The Kaplan turbine was an evolution of the Francis turbine. Its invention allowed efficient power… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaplan — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Kaplan est un nom porté par plusieurs personnalités et quelques lieux. Il peut s agir d un patronyme juif pour les Cohanim (dérivé de l italien cappellano …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”